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12 December 2017
 
Department of Pharmacognosy

Head: Fatemeh Fathi Azad, Ph.D (Pharmacognosy)

Academic staff:
Abbas Delazar, Ph.D (Pharmacognosy)
Fatemeh Fathi Azad, Ph.D (Pharmacognosy)
Hossein Nazemiyeh, Ph.D (Pharmacognosy)
Ahmad Yari Khosroshahi (NanoBioTechnology)
Sanaz Hamed yazdan (Pharmacognosy)
Fariba Heshmati Afshar(Pharmacognosy)
Parina Asghariyan(Pharmacognosy)
 
Pharmacognosy is an important discipline in the Pharmacy curriculum in Iran. The branch is focusing on natural products research, traditional medicine, ethnobotany and phytochemistry from plant, marine and other life origins on both analytical and preparative scale. Department of Pharmacognosy is located in the Faculty of Pharmacy, an integral part of the Tabriz University of Medical Sciences.
Department of Pharmacognosy is committed to provide outstanding training in the natural sciences through accredited programs and to conduct quality research at international level. Our Department is equipped with efficient devices and instruments, offering scientific research opportunities at the research labs under the supervision of experienced subject specialists and competent academic staff.
Our Mission is to train competent high-skilled pharmacists and scientists equipped with the knowledge, skills and values required to perform scientific research at the highest levels by integrating multidisciplinary approaches. We aim to be the implementer and pioneer in conducting research of which results will contribute in science and improve the quality of life standards of our society as well as humanity.

Ph.D Courses:

Advanced Plant Biochemistry
Objective: Understanding the primary metabolite production systems in plants
Contents
1)Plant cell and its molecular content
2)Major metabolic pathways and biochemical mechanisms in plants
3)Metabolism of carbohydrates
4)Metabolism of lipids
5)Primary metabolism of nitrogen
6)Nucleic acids and proteins
7)Interpretation of gene regulation in plants
8)Chemical Plant Pathology
9)Chemical Plant Ecology

Plant communities and ecological issues in Iran
Objective: Identification of the plant community's ecology in Iran
Contents
1)Definition of phytogeography
2)References of Iranian flora
3)Iranian plants growth regions and areas
4)Definition of ecology and its subdivisions
5)Ecological factors
6)Species compromise
7)Ecological breeds
8)Chemical breeds
9)Factors affecting plant communities
10)Biological plant types
11)Economic and marketing of raw materials and natural medicines

Economic and marketing of natural raw materials and phytomedicines
Objective: Identification of issues and economic factors influencing the marketing of crude plants materials and phytomedicines
Contents
1)Course introduction
2)Marketing information on herbal and natural medicines
3)Efficiency
4)Evaluating the needs and market size
5)Increase in demand and demographic health care
6)Effective marketing
7)Distribution
8)Industrial calculation of the total price for the product
9)Introduction of the widely consumed medicinal plants
10)Quality management and assurance of the future market

Medical information systems
Objective:
Introduction to statistical softwares
Recognition of pharmacognosy databases

Contents

Theory:
1)Introduction to Excel
2)Introduction to SPSS
3)Introduction to ethnobothany and phytochemistry database
4)Introduction to Medline, Scopus and etc.

Practical:
1)Practicing with Excel
2)Practicing with SPSS
3)Practicing with ethnobothany and phytochemistry database
4)Practicing with Medline, Scopus and etc.

Advanced Organic Chemistry
Objective: Learning Advanced Organic Chemistry as a base course and recognizing different chemical groups of natural compounds
Contents
1)Stereochemistry
2)Physicochemical properties of organic solvents
3)Defining different chemical groups and becoming familiar with their physicochemical properties
4)Introduction to the methods of chemical nomenclature and understanding the relationship between chemical structure and bioactivity of the natural compounds

Advanced methods of instrumental analysis
Objective: Ability to identify and determine the molecular structure of natural compounds Contents

Theory:
1)NMR Spectroscopy
2)Dimensional NMR
3)DEPT
4)New Techniques in advanced methods of instrumental analysis
5)Mass Spectroscopy

Practical:
1)Obtaining NMR spectra and their interpretation
2)Obtaining dimensional NMR spectra and their interpretation
3)Implementation of new techniques of instrumental analysis and their interpretation

Extraction, isolation and identification of natural products
Objective: Acquiring ability and skills to perform all forms of extraction, isolation and identification of natural products
Contents

Theory:
1)Introduction to sample preparation and extraction
2)Introduction to the preliminary separation
3)Introduction to chromatographic separation methods
4)Introduction to other separation
5)Introduction of specific methods for extraction, separation, and identification of phenoilc and terpenoid compounds
6)Introduction of specific methods for the extraction, separation and identification of organic acids, lipids, and other related compounds
4)Introduction of specific methods for the extraction, separation and identification of nitrogen containing compounds
5)Introduction of specific methods for the extraction, separation and identification of sugars and their derivatives
6)Introduction of specific methods for the extraction, separation and identification of macromolecules

Practical:
1)Performing separation, extraction and identification of anthraquinone glycosides
2)Performing separation, extraction and identification of flavonoid glycosides
3)Performing separation, extraction and identification of steroid glycosides
4)Performing separation, extraction and identification of lactone glycosides
5)Performing separation, extraction and identification of cyanogenic glycosides
6)Performing separation, extraction and identification of compounds containing sulfur
7)Performing separation, extraction and identification of monoterpenes
8)Performing separation, extraction and identification of diterpenes
9)Performing separation, extraction and identification of sesquiterpene
10)Performing separation, extraction and identification of triterpenoides and terpenoid lactones
11)Performing separation, extraction and identification of tropane alkaloids
12)Performing separation, extraction and identification of isoquinoline alkaloids
13)Performing separation, extraction and identification of indole alkaloids
14)Performing separation, extraction and identification of pyridine and piperidine alkaloids
15)Performing separation, extraction and identification of pyrrolizidine alkaloids
16)Performing separation, extraction and identification of purine alkaloids

Advanced phytochemistry
Objective:
Identifying and assessing the biosynthetic pathways of biomaterials
Understanding the chemical structure of the compounds generated in the secondary biosynthetic pathways
Contents
1)Photosynthesis
2)Introduction of the biosynthetic pathways of different types of pant compounds
3)Limitations and benefits of labeling methods and the use of labeling to identify pathways for biosynthesis of plants
4)Identification of the biosynthetic pathways and introducing the chemical structure of carbohydrates and lipids
5)Identification of the biosynthetic pathways and introducing the chemical structure of simple phenols
6)Identification of the biosynthetic pathways and introducing the chemical structure of phenylpropanoids
7)Identification of the biosynthetic pathways and introducing the chemical structure of flavonoids
8)Identification of the biosynthetic pathways and introducing the chemical structure of terpenoids
9)Identification of the biosynthetic pathways and introducing the chemical structure of quinons
10)Identification of the biosynthetic pathways and introducing the chemical structure of alkaloids
11)Identification of the biosynthetic pathways and introducing the chemical structure of cyanogenic glycosides

Industrial processing of Medicinal Plants
Objective: Familiarity with devices and industrial process for the preparation and storage of the plant material used in the herbal preparations
Contents
1)Introducing relevant devices
2)Environmental factors affecting plant compounds
3)Collection
4)Drying
5)Grindding
6)Standardization
7)Storage
8)Industrial extraction and storage
9)Drying the extract
10)Essential oil extraction
11)Materials used in packaging
12)Packaging methods
13)Preparing Package ID

Control of natural products
Objective:
Understanding different methods for Control of natural products
Industrial processing of Medicinal Plants
Ability to perform Control of natural products
Contents

Theory:
1)Control of different plant species
2)Quality Control
3)Excellence measurements
4)Bacterial and fungal control
5)Insect repellent control
6)Control of radioactive materials
7)Control of heavy metals
8)Quantity control
9)Determination of a group of compounds based on presence of one substance
10)Determination of a group of compounds (Determination of total)
11)Determining the amount of remaining extract after drying
12)Control of toxic compounds
13)Stability of the medicinal plants preparations

Practical:
1)Performing control of different plant species
2)Performing quality control
3)Performing excellence measurements
4)Performing bacterial and fungal control
5)Performing insect repellent control
6)Performing control of radioactive materials
7)Performing control of heavy metals
8)Performing quantity control
9)Quantitative determination of a group of compounds
10)Determination of the total extract
11)Performing control of toxic compounds
12)Performing stability testing of the medicinal plants preparations

Phytotherapy and medicinal plants informations
Objective: Understanding the application of medicinal plants in the treatment of diseases
Contents
1)Phytotherapy foundations
2)Phytopharmacology
3)Phytopharmacokinetics and phytopharmacodynamics
4)Herbal medicines interactions
5)Herbal medicines side effects
6)Effective herbal medicines for pain and inflammation
7)Effective herbal medicines for gastrointestinal system
8)Effective herbal medicines for cardiovascular
9)Effective herbal medicines for tumors
10)Effective herbal medicines for skin
11)Effective herbal medicines for immune system
12)Effective herbal medicines for kidneys and urinary tract
13)Effective herbal medicines for liver and bile
14)Effective herbal medicines for central nervous system
15)Effective herbal medicines for respiratory system
16)Effective herbal medicines for microbes and parasites

Iranian Traditional Medicine
Objective: Familiarity with Iranian Traditional Medicine
Contents
1)History
2)Foundations
3)Terms and expressions in traditional medicine
4)Fames and sources for traditional medicine
5)Introduction of complementary medicine
6)Introduction of dosage forms used in traditional medicine


Featured topics in pharmacognosy
Objective: Understanding other important issues of the day in pharmacognosy
Contents
1)Colored compounds from natural resources
2)Herbal additives
3)Different products (derivatives of cellulose, agar, gelatin, etc.)
4)Pesticides from natural resources
5)Medicinal plants and health cosmetics
6)Poisonous plants
7)Antioxidants from natural resources
8)Antitumors from natural resources

Plant cell and tissue culture
Objective:
Introduction to plant cell and tissue culture techniques for the production of plant metabolites
Ability in performing plant cell and tissue culture techniques for the production of plant metabolites
Contents

Theory:
1)Course introduction
2)History of plant tissue culture
3)Plant tissue culture laboratory
4)Aseptic techniques
5)Nutrient content and other materials used in plant tissue culture media
6)Production and maintenance of callus
7)Suspension cell cultures
8)Production of secondary metabolites and biochemical transformations
9)Methods of increasing the production of herbal metabolites
10)Bioreactors
11)Drugs produced by cell culture techniques

Practical:
1)MS medium preparation and sterilization
2)Preparation of Callus from carrot root cambium
3)Preparation of carrot suspension cell culture
4)Evaluation of secondary metabolite production by carrot cell cultures
5)Evaluation of biochemical transformations by suspension cell cultures

Fermentation and genetic engineering
Objective: Learning about the fermentation and genetic engineering methods products
Contents
1)Foundations of genetic engineering and cloning
2)Pharmacobiotechnology
3)Bioreactors
4)Proteins and peptides
5)Antibiotics
6)Biological compounds and modulators of the immune system
7)Fermentation and pharmaceutical changes by microorganisms
8)Industrial biotechnology
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